As part of its mandate to study drug abuse and addiction and other health effects of both legal and illegal drugs, NIDA funds a wide range of research on marijuana cannabis ; its main psychotropic ingredient, deltatetrahydrocannabinol THC ; and chemicals related to THC cannabinoidsincluding: Research suggests that THC and other cannabinoids, may have potential in the treatment of pain, nausea, epilepsy, obesity, wasting disease, addiction, autoimmune disorders, and other conditions. NIDA has provided and continues to provide funding for research related to therapeutic uses of cannabinoids as it pertains to its mission, including studies on the use of THC and cannabidiol CBDanother chemical constituent of marijuana, for the treatment of pain as an alternative to opioid pain relieversaddiction, and other disorders. Research on therapeutic uses of marijuana or of specific chemicals in the marijuana plant for other diseases and conditions is supported by other components of the National Institute of Health NIH as is appropriate to their mission.
Pres[ edit ] InKing James I decreed that the American colonists of Jamestown would need to step up efforts to do their fair share towards supporting England. The Virginia Company enacted the decree, asking Jamestown's land owners to grow and export hemp plants to help support England's cause.
Later the colonists would grow it to support its expansion in the Americas. George Washington grew hemp at Mount Vernon as one of his three primary crops. The use of hemp for rope and fabric later became ubiquitous throughout the 18th and 19th centuries in the United States.
Medicinal preparations of cannabis became available in American pharmacies in the s following an introduction to its use in Western medicine by William O'Shaughnessy a decade earlier in Poison laws generally either required labels on the packaging indicating the harmful effects of the drugs or prohibited sale outside of licensed pharmacies and without a doctor's prescription.
Those that required labeling often required the word "poison" if the drug was not issued by a pharmacy. Other regulations were prohibitions on the sale to minors, as well as restrictions on refills.
Some pharmaceutical laws specifically enumerated the drugs that came under the effect of the regulations, while others did not—leaving the matter to medical experts.
Those that did generally included references to cannabis, either under the category of "cannabis and its preparations" or "hemp and its preparations. Eight states are listed with "sale of poisons" laws that specifically mention cannabis: Among those states that required a prescription for sale were Wisconsin and Louisiana.
Many states did not consider cannabis a "poison" but required it be labeled. The first draft of the bill 'An act to regulate the sale of poisons' prohibited the sale of cannabis—as with the other substances—without the written order of a physician.
Inthe section which enumerated the substances was repealed with an amendatory act, though cannabis was still required to be labeled. A bill introduced in in the California state legislature was titled 'An act to regulate the sale of opium and other narcotic poisons' and would have forbidden anyone to keep, sell, furnish, or give away any "preparations or mixtures made or prepared from opium, hemp, or other narcotic drugs" without a doctor's prescription at a licensed store.
That bill was withdrawn in favor of one specifically aimed at opium, though further bills including hemp-based drugs were introduced in and in It was estimated there were around such establishments in New York City alone.
Previously, many drugs had been sold as patent medicines with secret ingredients or misleading labels. The new revisions aimed to restrict all narcotics, including cannabis, as poisons, limit their sale to pharmacies, and require doctor's prescriptions. The first instance was in the District of Columbia inunder "An act to regulate the practice of pharmacy and the sale of poisons in the District of Columbia, and for other purposes".
The act was updated in to the Federal Pure Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act of which remains in effect even today, creating a legal paradox for federal sentencing. Under this act, the framework for prescription and non-prescription drugs and foods are set, along with standards as well as the enforcing agency, the Food and Drug Administration FDA.
That, combined with a legal requirement that all convictions be published Notices of Judgmentproved to be important tools in the enforcement of the statute and had a deterrent effect upon would-be violators.
In New York, reform legislation began under the Towns-Boylan Act, which targeted all "habit-forming drugs", restricted their sale, prohibited refills in order to prevent habituation, prohibited sale to people with a habit, and prohibited doctors who were themselves habituated from selling them.Search and browse our historical collection to find news, notices of births, marriages and deaths, sports, comics, and much more.
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The legal history of cannabis in the United States pertains to the regulation of cannabis (legal term marijuana or marihuana) for medical, recreational, and industrial purposes in the United yunusemremert.comsed restrictions and labeling of cannabis as a poison began in many states from onward, and outright prohibitions began in the s.
|Florida Medical Marijuana Legalization, Amendment 2 () - Ballotpedia||However, much has happened since it went up, including the Blogger outage.|
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