The company was founded and financed by Mr. The oil excavation in Persia took many tumultuous years, with set back after set back that almost led Mr. By the early morning of 26 Maythe whole camp reeked of sulphur.
Stephen Kinzer is a veteran foreign correspondent and the author of Bitter Fruit and Overthrow, among other works. His newest book is This article originally appeared on TomDispatch.
To frustrated Americans who have begun boycotting BP: Welcome to the club. It's great not to be the only member any more! Does boycotting BP really make sense? After all, many BP filling stations are actually owned by local people, not the corporation itself.
Besides, when you're filling up at a Shell or ExxonMobil station, it's hard to feel much sense of moral triumph.
Nonetheless, I reserve my right to drive by BP stations. I started doing it long before this year's oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. My decision not to give this company my business came after I learned about its role in another kind of "spill" entirely -- the destruction of Iran's democracy more than half a century ago.
The history of the company we now call BP has, over the last years, traced the arc of transnational capitalism. Its roots lie in the early years of the twentieth century when a wealthy bon vivant named William Knox D'Arcy decided, with encouragement from the British government, to begin looking for oil in Iran.
He struck a concession agreement with the absolute Iranian monarchy, using the proven expedient of bribing the three Iranians negotiating with him. After his first strike inhe became sole owner of the entire ocean of oil that lies beneath Iran's soil.
No one else was allowed to drill for, refine, extract, or sell "Iranian" oil. It then built the world's biggest refinery at the port of Abadan on the Persian Gulf. From the s into the s, Britain's standard of living was supported by oil from Iran.
British cars, trucks, and buses ran on cheap Iranian oil. Factories throughout Britain were fueled by oil from Iran. The Royal Navy, which projected British power all over the world, powered its ships with Iranian oil.
After World War II, the winds of nationalism and anti-colonialism blew through the developing world. In Iran, nationalism meant one thing: Driven by this passion, Parliament voted on April 28,to choose its most passionate champion of oil nationalization, Mohammad Mossadegh, as prime minister.
Days later, it unanimously approved his bill nationalizing the oil company. Mossadegh promised that, henceforth, oil profits would be used to develop Iran, not enrich Britain. This oil company was the most lucrative British enterprise anywhere on the planet. To the British, nationalization seemed, at first, like some kind of immense joke, a step so absurdly contrary to the unwritten rules of the world that it could hardly be real.
Early in this confrontation, the directors of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and their partners in Britain's government settled on their strategy: The British took a series of steps meant to push Mossadegh off his nationalist path.
They withdrew their technicians from Abadan, blockaded the port, cut off exports of vital goods to Iran, froze the country's hard-currency accounts in British banks, and tried to win anti-Iran resolutions from the U. This campaign only intensified Iranian determination.
Finally, the British turned to Washington and asked for a favor: American President Dwight D. Eisenhower, encouraged by his Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, a lifelong defender of transnational corporate power, agreed to send the Central Intelligence Agency in to depose Mossadegh.Anglo Persian Oil Company of the United Kingdom was the original player in Iran and a major player in the Seven Sisters Oil Companies consortium for Iran.
The company changed names to the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company before finally becoming British Petroleum.
accounting, allocation of the expenditure to revenue would be preferable (see p , letter e, 3 All ER at Anglo-Persian Oil Co Ltd v Dale ( it cannot be accepted that a chose in action must be a capital benefit if its value outlives the year of accounting (see p , letter h, %(1). accounting, allocation of the expenditure to revenue would be preferable (see p , letter e, 3 All ER at Anglo-Persian Oil Co Ltd v Dale ( it cannot be accepted that a chose in action must be a capital benefit if its value outlives the year of accounting (see p , letter h, %(1).
The Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) was founded in , following the discovery of a large oil field in Masjed Soleiman, yunusemremert.com was the first company using the oil reserves of the Middle East.
APOC was renamed Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) in , and eventually became the British Petroleum Company (BP) in , as one root of the BP . BP began as the Anglo Persian Oil Company in the early ’s. The company was founded and financed by Mr. D’Arcy of London and the Burmah Oil Company. The oil excavation in Persia took many tumultuous years, with set back after set back that almost led .
By agreements made in and the Appellant Company appointed another limited company as its agents in Persia and the East, for a period of years, upon the terms (inter alia) that the agents should be remunerated by commission at specified rates.