Environmental philosophy[ edit ] Anthropocentrism, also known as homocentricism or human supremacism has been posited by some environmentalistsin such books as Confessions of an Eco-Warrior by Dave Foreman and Green Rage by Christopher Manes, as the underlying if unstated reason why humanity dominates and sees the need to "develop" most of the Earth. Anthropocentrism is believed by some to be the central problematic concept in environmental philosophy, where it is used to draw attention claims of a systematic bias in traditional Western attitudes to the non-human world. Plumwood calls human-centredness "anthrocentrism" to emphasise this parallel.
Sonn comments on the influence of naturist views in the wider French anarchist movement: She described the "tragic bandits" of the Bonnot gang as refusing to eat meat or drink wine, preferring plain water.
Her humorous comments reflected the practices of the "naturist" wing of individualist anarchists who favored a simpler, more "natural" lifestyle centered on a vegetarian diet.
Contributors condemned the fashion of smoking cigarettes, especially by young women; a long article of actually connected cigarette smoking with cancer!
Others distinguished between vegetarians, who foreswore the eating of meat, from the stricter "vegetalians," who ate nothing but vegetables. An anarchist named G. Other issues of the journal included vegetarian recipes. Nutritional concerns coincided with other means of encouraging health bodies, such as nudism and gymnastics.
This back-to-nature, primitivist current was not a monopoly of the left; the same interests were echoed by right-wing Germans in the interwar era. In France, however, these proclivities were mostly associated with anarchists, insofar as they suggested an ideal of self-control and the rejection of social taboos and prejudices.
Henri Zisly Henri Zisly born in Paris, November 2, ; died in  was a French individualist anarchist and naturist. Zisly's political activity, "primarily aimed at supporting a return to 'natural life' through writing and practical involvement, stimulated lively confrontations within and outside the anarchist environment.
Zisly vividly criticized progress and civilization, which he regarded as 'absurd, ignoble, and filthy. Schaffer in his study of Cuban anarchism reports anarcho-naturism as "A third strand within the island's anarchist movement" alongside anarcho-communism and anarcho-syndicalism.
Naturists focused on redefining one's life to live simply, eat cheap but nutritious vegetarian diets, and raise one's own food if possible. The countryside was posited as a romantic alternative to urban living, and some naturists even promoted what they saw as the healthful benefits of nudism.
Globally, the naturist movement counted anarchists, liberals, and socialists as its followers. So "For instance, nothing inherently prevented an anarcho-syndicalist in the Havana restaurant workers' union from supporting the alternative health care programs of the anarcho-naturists and seeing those alternative practices as "revolutionary.
Besides promoting an early twentieth-century " back-to-the-land " movement, they used these romantic images of Nature to illustrate how far removed a capitalist industrialized Cuba had departed from an anarchist view of natural harmony. Over the following decades, Del Valle became a constant presence in not only the anarchist press that proliferated in Cuba but also mainstream literary publications From to he edited the freethinking journal El Audaz.
Then he began his largest publishing job by helping to found and edit the monthly alternative health magazine that followed the anarcho-naturist line Pro-Vida. The goal of this group was to take trips and enjoy the open air.
First Etica and then Inicialeswhich began inwere the publications of the group, which lasted until the Spanish Civil War. We must be aware that the naturist ideas expressed in them matched the desires that the libertarian youth had of breaking up with the conventions of the bourgeoisie of the time.
That is what a young worker explained in a letter to Iniciales. He writes it under the odd pseudonym of silvestre del campo wild man in the country.
By shunning the humble garment of an exploited person, garments which, in my opinion, are the result of all the laws devised to make our lives bitterwe feel there no others left but just the natural laws.
Clothes mean slavery for some and tyranny for others.
Only the naked man who rebels against all norms, stands for anarchism, devoid of the prejudices of outfit imposed by our money-oriented society. However, in the short term, the Naturist and Libertarian movements grew apart in their conceptions of everyday life. From Theory to Practice reports: Spanish anarcho-syndicalism had long been concerned to safeguard the autonomy of what it called " affinity groups.
Both these ways of living were considered suitable for the transformation of the human being in preparation for a libertarian society. At the Saragossa congress the members did not forget to consider the fate of groups of naturists and nudists, "unsuited to industrialization.
On the eve of a vast, bloody, social transformation, the CNT did not think it foolish to try to meet the infinitely varied aspirations of individual human beings.
Isaac Puente Isaac Puente was an influential Spanish anarchist during the s and s and an important propagandist of anarcho-naturism,   was a militant of both the CNT anarcho-syndicalist trade union and Iberian Anarchist Federation.
He published the book El Comunismo Libertario y otras proclamas insurreccionales y naturistas en: Libertarian Communism and other insurrectionary and naturist proclamations inwhich sold aroundcopies,  and wrote the final document for the Extraordinary Confederal Congress of Zaragoza of which established the main political line for the CNT for that year.
In the s the inhabitants of the anarchist community at Whiteway, near Stroud in Gloucestershire, shocked the conservative residents of the area with their shameless nudity. In the seventies, it was mostly composed of "veteran individualist anarchists with an orientation of pacifismnaturismetc,Denial of scientific findings is neither a new nor an unexplored phenomenon.
In the area of environmental science and policy though, the research on denial has not been systematically summarized and analyzed. Ecocentric Approach! Theoretical Foundations:! A. Moral concern for nature" • It includes responsibility to nature as well as responsibility for nature (P.
• Adoption of a new land ethic, whereby ‘a thing is right when it intends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. Ecocentrism (/ ˌ ɛ k oʊ ˈ s ɛ n t r ɪ z əm /; from Greek: οἶκος oikos, "house" and κέντρον kentron, "center") is a term used in ecological political philosophy to denote a nature-centered, as opposed to human-centered (i.e.
anthropocentric), system of values. A balance between anthropocentric and ecocentric views would create the optimal forest management focus.
Often the values of anthropocentrism and ecocentrism overlap. Anthropocentrism and Ecocentrism Essay Sample. The Anthropocentrism view is the belief that humans alone have intrinsic worth or value. Simply put it means that if something promotes the wellness or interests of humankind then it is a good thing, if not than it is a bad or neutral thing.
Green anarchism (or eco-anarchism) is a school of thought within anarchism which puts a particular emphasis on environmental issues.A green anarchist theory is normally one that extends anarchist ideology beyond a critique of human interactions, and includes a critique of the interactions between humans and non-humans as well.
This often culminates in an anarchist revolutionary praxis that is.