It was named after the British corvette HMS challenger which was command ship for what was known as the Challenger Expedition undertaken in 2 through to It was the first to fly the first African-American, American woman and Canadian into space. It was also the first to undertake Spacelab missions, launch at night and do Space Shuttle night landing.
Its virgin flight in April of witnessed the first spacewalk during a space shuttle mission. Two months later, Sally Ride became the first American woman into space aboard the vessel; throughout its subsequent missions, the Challenger also carried the first African-American, Canadian, and Dutchman into space.
The temperature was below freezing on the morning of January 28,when the Challenger prepared for its tenth launch. This too was a momentous occasion, even for a space shuttle well versed in historic firsts: Chosen from over 11, other candidates, Christa McAuliffe had planned to give a lesson from space, and schools all around the country were going to watch the liftoff.
This was supposed to get the public invested in the space program, while signaling that space travel was becoming more and more normal, though no less awe-inspiring, and perhaps even more accessible.
Accordingly, there was more media present than usual on the morning of the launch, and millions of people around the world were watching live. NASA, for its part, had every reason to be confident about this mission.
A mere 73 seconds after liftoff, the space shuttle broke apart over the Atlantic, taking the lives of all seven crewmembers. This, for NASA, was a catastrophic event on several levels: We will live with unknowns for exactly as long as technology limits our ability to explore, to discover, and no longer.
First we conquered the seas, then the sky, then we tackled the great beyond: No such advance has come without a cost, however, and space flight has certainly been no exception. A total of 18 astronauts 12 of which were Americans have perished while on space flight missions, and many more have lost their lives while preparing or testing for them.
Nobody takes such losses lightly, and after each space shuttle incident there have been extensive investigations into their causes and ways to prevent their recurrence. NASA tends to learn from its setbacks.
After its first astronaut fatality in a training exercise, for example, zero-zero ejection seats that would have saved Theodore Freeman during the jet crash that took his life were created. At the same time, the lessons learned from some accidents led to changes that cause others.
The shuttle used on the Liberty Bell 7 flight was designed with a new explosive hatch release that would allow the astronauts to get out of the spacecraft quickly if they needed to, as a safety measure. This safety measure nearly killed Grissom when the hatch accidentally blew open after a water landing and flooded the vessel.
To prevent this, NASA opted for an inward-opening hatch design for Apollo 1, which trapped the astronauts inside the vessel when it caught fire on a launch pad test, killing the entire crew, including Grissom click here to see our root cause analysis of the fire aboard Apollo 1.
Inthe space shuttle Columbia broke up on re-entry over Texas due to a piece of foam insulation that broke off during launch. What is the problem? In investigating any incident, big or small, the process of specifying the problem is likely to elicit multiple responses.
At this stage in the analysis, all potential problems are written down for later evaluation. In this example, we will begin by identifying the loss of all seven crewmembers and the loss of the space shuttle as the major problems.
When did it happen? In order to measure change, root cause analysis specifies as precise a time as possible for a given incident. Here, the Challenger broke apart two minutes into its tenth mission, at Where did it happen? Root cause analysis also requires capturing as specific location as possible when defining the problem; in particular, emphasis is placed on specifying the location in which solutions can be enacted.Rhetorical Analysis on Ronald Reagan’s “Challenger” Speech While in the Oval Office of the White house, on January 28, , President Ronald Reagan delivered his speech about The Challenger Disaster.
The speech was made just hours after space shuttle “Challenger” exploded during take-off, killing all seven crew members on board.
The Space Shuttle Challenger completed 9 missions before it broke seventy three seconds after its launch in what was to be its 10 th mission. The Challenger Disaster On 28 th January , seventy three seconds after liftoff, the Space Shuttle Challenger broke up bringing to an end a devastating end to the spacecraft.
The reason that the Challenger disaster has become a touchstone, apart from traumatizing a nation full of schoolchildren, is because January 28, was the day that that the dream of space. While seated in the Oval Office of the White house, January 28, President Ronald Reagan delivers his speech The Challenger Disaster; hours after the space shuttle The Challenger explodes while in take off.
Thousands witnessed this horrifying event live in person and on television. On that day, seventy-three seconds after liftoff, the space shuttle Challenger exploded, completely obliterating the vehicle and instantly killing its seven-member crew. As President of the United States, Ronald Reagan was tasked with responding effectively to the rhetorical situation generated by the Challenger disaster, one shaped by three.
In the post-flight analysis, Inside the Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster. Up to that point, no one directly involved in the decision to launch Challenger had published a memoir about the experience. In June 14, , .