Emigration from England often was not directly sponsored by the government but by private groups of individuals whose chief motive was profit. The first English colony was founded at Jamestown, Virginia, in To help populate it, Penn actively recruited immigrants, among them many religious dissenters, e.
Visit Website In the 17th and 18th centuries, black slaves worked mainly on the tobacco, rice and indigo plantations of the southern coast, from the Chesapeake Bay colonies of Maryland and Virginia south to Georgia. One of the first martyrs to the cause of American patriotism was Crispus Attucks, a former slave who was killed by British soldiers during the Boston Massacre of Some 5, black soldiers and sailors fought on the American side during the Revolutionary War.
But after the Revolutionary Warthe new U.
Cotton Gin In the late 18th century, with the land used to grow tobacco nearly exhausted, the South faced an economic crisis, and the continued growth of slavery in America seemed in doubt. Around the same time, the mechanization of the textile industry in England led to a huge demand for American cotton, a southern crop whose production was unfortunately limited by the difficulty of removing the seeds from raw cotton fibers by hand.
But ina young Yankee schoolteacher named Eli Whitney invented the cotton gina simple mechanized device that efficiently removed the seeds.
Congress outlawed the African slave trade inthe domestic trade flourished, and the slave population in the U.
By it had reached nearly 4 million, with more than half living in the cotton-producing states of the South. History of Slavery Slaves in the antebellum South constituted about one-third of the southern population. Most slaves lived on large plantations or small farms; many masters owned fewer than 50 slaves.
Slave owners sought to make their slaves completely dependent on them, and a system of restrictive codes governed life among slaves. They were usually prohibited from learning to read and write, and their behavior and movement was restricted.
Many masters took sexual liberties with slave women, and rewarded obedient slave behavior with favors, while rebellious slaves were brutally punished.
A strict hierarchy among slaves from privileged house slaves and skilled artisans down to lowly field hands helped keep them divided and less likely to organize against their masters. Slave marriages had no legal basis, but slaves did marry and raise large families; most slave owners encouraged this practice, but nonetheless did not usually hesitate to divide slave families by sale or removal.
Slave Rebellions Slave rebellions did occur within the system—notably ones led by Gabriel Prosser in Richmond in and by Denmark Vesey in Charleston in —but few were successful.
The slave revolt that most terrified white slaveholders was that led by Nat Turner in Southampton County, Virginia, in August Abolitionist Movement In the North, the increased repression of southern blacks only fanned the flames of the growing abolitionist movement. Free blacks and other antislavery northerners had begun helping fugitive slaves escape from southern plantations to the North via a loose network of safe houses as early as the s.
This practice, known as the Underground Railroadgained real momentum in the s and although estimates vary widely, it may have helped anywhere from 40, toslaves reach freedom.
Although the Missouri Compromise was designed to maintain an even balance between slave and free states, it was able to help quell the forces of sectionalism only temporarily.
Kansas-Nebraska Act Inanother tenuous compromise was negotiated to resolve the question of slavery in territories won during the Mexican-American War.HIST Introduction to United States History - Colonial Period to Reconstruction Unit 2: A New Nation Forms *In the wake of the Seven Years’ War, Britain imposed new taxes and restrictions upon the British American colonies to help pay for the war.
The primary political cultures of the United States had their origins in the colonial period. Most theories of political culture identify New England, the Mid-Atlantic, and the South as having formed separate and distinct political cultures.
Slavery in the colonial area which later became the United States (–) developed from complex factors, and researchers have proposed several theories to explain the development of the institution of slavery and of the slave trade.
Explain how the introduction of new plants, animals, and technologies altered the natural environment of North America and affected interactions among various groups in the colonial period. -The Columbian Exchange affected interactions between Europeans and Natives.
Today, the United States is the product of two principal forces-the immigration of European peoples with their varied ideas, customs, and national characteristics and the impact of a new country which modified these distinctly European cultural traits.
Of necessity, colonial America was a projection of Europe.
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|When Did Slavery Start?||Emigration from England often was not directly sponsored by the government but by private groups of individuals whose chief motive was profit.|
HIST Introduction to United States History - Colonial Period to Reconstruction Unit 1: These resources offer an introduction to the history of Africa and an overview of the origins and early history of the African slave trade.