Barksdale, State Printer,pp.
This page contains answers to several frequently asked questions about ambivalent sexism. Take the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory.
What is ambivalent sexism? Ambivalent sexism is an ideology composed of both a "hostile" and "benevolent" prejudice toward women.
Hostile sexism is an antagonistic attitude toward women, who are often viewed as trying to control men through feminist ideology or sexual seduction.
Benevolent sexism is a chivalrous attitude toward women that feels favorable but is actually sexist because it casts women as weak creatures in need of men's protection. One good place to learn more about benevolent sexism is the Facebook page Understanding Benevolent Sexism maintained by Professor Peter Glick.
How is ambivalent sexism measured? Ambivalent sexism is measured with a paper-and-pencil or computer-based questionnaire known as the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory ASI. The ASI is composed of two item subscales that measure hostile sexism and benevolent sexism.
In the sample items below, agreement with a statement indicates a more sexist response: Which items of the Ambivalent Sexism Scale measure hostile sexism, and which ones measure benevolent sexism?
The hostile sexism items are numbers 2, 4, 5, 7, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 18, and 21, and the benevolent sexism items are numbers 1, 3, 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, 17, 19, 20, and Scores on each subscale are calculated by reversing items 3, 6, 7, 13, 18, 21 so that an answer of 0 becomes 5, 1 becomes 4, and so onand then averaging the 11 hostile and 11 benevolent sexism items separately.
Scores on each subscale can vary from 0 to 5, and the overall ambivalent sexism score is simply the average of the hostile and benevolent sexism scores. What's sexist about cherishing and protecting someone you care about?
There is nothing sexist about cherishing or protecting another person. Prejudices such as sexism and heterosexism enter the equation when universal or rigid gender prescriptions are endorsed, such as "Every man ought to have a woman whom he adores.
When all 22 items of the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory are taken together, however, the resulting scores are statistically related to other measures of sexism and gender inequality. For example, cross-cultural research has found that national averages on the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory are related to indices of gender inequality, such as having fewer women in positions of political power.
Who developed the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory? Fiske of Princeton University. The first published article on ambivalent sexism and the inventory appeared in the March,issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
What causes ambivalent sexism? According to Professors Glick and Fiske, sexist ambivalence is the result of two basic facts about relations between women and men: Male dominance is prevalent across cultures, with men dominating high status roles in business, government, religious institutions, and so forth.
Hostile sexism arises in large part because dominant groups tend to create hostile ideologies concerning the inferiority of other groups. Despite male dominance, however, men are often highly dependent upon women as wives, mothers, and romantic partners.It is a truth universally acknowledged that few books are as beloved as Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, which was published on January 28, .
This pamphlet is designed to provide accurate information for those who want to better understand sexual orientation and the impact of prejudice and discrimination on those who identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual. The brochure is also available in .
Mississippi [Copied by Justin Sanders from "Journal of the State Convention", (Jackson, MS: E. Barksdale, State Printer, ), pp. ] A Declaration of the Immediate Causes which Induce and Justify the Secession of the State of Mississippi from the Federal Union.
Life’s greatest tragedy consists of men and women who earnestly try, and fail! The tragedy lies in the overwhelmingly large majority of people who fail, as compared to the few who succeed. DR KEVIN MACDONALD, AUTHOR, PSYCHOLOGIST AND HISTORIAN, is a Professor of Psychology at the California State University in Long Beach California.
Kevin MacDonald, PhD: Ever since the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in , Jewish organizations have. The news that a wealthy young gentleman named Charles Bingley has rented the manor of Netherfield Park causes a great stir in the nearby village of Longbourn, especially in the Bennet household.
The Bennets have five unmarried daughters—from oldest to youngest, Jane, Elizabeth, Mary, Kitty, and.