Enter terms Social norms interventions are not effective enough on their own to reduce alcohol use or misuse among university or college students Background: Drinking is influenced by youth perceptions of how their peers drink. These perceptions are often incorrect, overestimating peer drinking norms.
Data analysis and results ………………………………………………………………… 29 Project Management ………………………………………………………………………… 56 References ………………………………………………………………………………………. Stress is most undermined syndrome in our society that is neglected since the element of mental health associated with it.
Internationally there is a meaningful work and research conducted on the issue but there were no break through research available domestically.
Mental health is actually the parameter for improved or enhanced performance in every society. We further refine the research by studying the effects on Master students and make it a gender base study which will help us to differentiate between the effects and innate intuition of managing with stress in male and female students.
These stressors include, Health Factors and Social Factors. We are taking the Intellectual Abilities and Academic performance to be the dependent variable where as stress is regarded to be an independent variable. The type of research is Quantitative whereas is the number of participants and our sample size that is to be included in the research.
Research will be conducted and based on the Master students in National University Lahore campus while the study will be carried out on gender bases and the results will further be compared for understanding of any difference or similarity between the effects of stress on different genders.
Our literature review will base academic performance, intellectual abilities, Stress, two identified stressors and each dissected to an extent, and the impact of stress in academic elaboration in both genders.
Some of the researchers found that previous academic performance is also a factor affecting current academics of students. As found by a research, performance of students in higher education level depends on the undergraduate level of studies Minnesota; Also found in another study, past educational performances of students is considered to be an important indicator in finding the future achievements of them, as said that better the previous academic performance; the better will be in the upcoming endeavors Durden and Ellis; Staffolani and Bratti; Researches also indicated that employment is also one of the factors that effects academic achievement of students.
They resulted that it affects negatively on its performance as the more the number of hours they work, they more they are distracted from academics. According to other researchers, it is not about doing the job which creates the problem in managing the work load of studies.
Research have been conduct in order to review the relationship among stress and academic performance of students and it has been found that stress affects the academic performances of students in great manner Elliot et al.
Students complained about the stress they feel while giving their exams or any competition regarding grades or in any case when they have so much to study and less time to do it. One study reported that stress among undergraduate business students is a notably important factor which is interrelated with poor performance Bennett, It is also found, that confidence level of students in themselves in terms of academics and their managerial abilities as how they manage their academic work load affects their academic performance achievement Richardson, ; Yip, Students who are coming to colleges and universities for only professional outcomes meaning to get the job, and earn good money will have totally different thinking and approaches inside the classes and during their studies because they will be attending it for their personal knowledge enhancement.
A study examined a significant correlation of academic performance with intelligence level among the students of high school on gender basis, and found that the relationship among intelligence of a student and academic performance of them is higher among girls.
They resulted from their research that academic performance and achievements of girls are much more superior to that boys Mishra; They said that combination of these factors effects the academic performances of students in positive manner despite the gender differences in them Haseen; In another research results showed that age and gender differences are the two important factors which affect academics of students.
But according to the analysis, they found that rather than intellectual quotient gender differences is the factor that is more important variable that affects the academic performances as girls were in higher ranking than the boys in their performances.
Results also showed that the communicating skill, requirement of attentiveness and convincing power among girls was higher than boys Suneetha et al, Anything which poses some kind of threat and challenge upon us is known as stress. We start to think either we will be able to handle the workload or situation Nordqvist Stress is a reality which we have to face in our everyday life.
There are situations when we start to feel ourselves out of help and start to disturb emotionally and other stressors. Many people consider stress as an incident happen to them such as injury or job loss Centre Related Research on Web This is a list of Webcentric articles/books that use Social Network Sites as central to the discussion.
Beer, David and Roger Burrows. The results of this review indicate that no substantive meaningful benefits are associated with social norms interventions for prevention of alcohol misuse among college/university students.
Although some significant effects were found, we interpret the effect sizes as too small, given the measurement scales used in the studies included in this review, to be of relevance for policy or practice.
social media among the youth of today cannot be over emphasized. Over the years, social networking among second cycle students has become more and more popular. It is a way to make connection not only on campus, but with friends outside of school. Social networking is a way that helps many people feels as though they belong to a community.
A social networking service (also social networking site, or SNS or social media) is an online platform which people use to build social networks or social relations with other people who share similar personal or career interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections..
Social networking services vary in format and the number of features. They can incorporate a range of new. (Also known as: Art on the Net) Join fellow artists in sharing art from the source, the artists themselves.
We are Artists helping artists come online to the Internet and the WWWeb. Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram are the example famous social network that becomes the best choice among the students, especially university students.
Social network can defines as site of grouping of individuals into specific groups, like small rural communities or a neighbourhood subdivision.