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The city lies on the River Wear, to the west of Sunderland, south of Newcastle upon Tyne, founded over the final resting place of St Cuthbert, its Norman cathedral became a centre of pilgrimage in medieval England. HM Prison Durham is also located close to the city centre, the name Durham comes from the Celtic element dun, signifying a hill fort, and the Old Norse holme, which translates to island.
The Lord Bishop of Durham takes a Latin variation of the name in his official signature. The city has been known by a number of names throughout history, the original Nordic Dun Holm was changed to Duresme by the Normans and was known in Latin as Dunelm. The modern form Durham came into use later in the citys history, archeological evidence suggests a history of settlement in the area since roughly BC.
Local legend states that the city was founded in A. During the fast, Saint Cuthbert appeared to a monk named Eadmer. After Eadmers revelation, Aldhun found that he was able to move the bier, the legend of the Dun Cow, which is first documented in The Rites of Durham, an anonymous account about the Durham Cathedral, published inbuilds on Symeons account.
According to this legend, by later that day, the monks came across a milkmaid at Mount Joy. She stated that she was seeking her lost dun cow, which she had last seen at Dun Holm, the monks, realising that this was a sign from the saint, followed her.
They settled at a wooded hill-island — a high wooded rock surrounded on three sides by the River Wear, there they erected a shelter for the relics, on the spot where the Durham Cathedral would later stand.
Symeon states that a modest wooden building erected there shortly later was the first building in the city, Bishop Aldhun subsequently had a stone church built, which was dedicated in September It no longer remains, having been supplanted by the Norman structure, during the medieval period the city gained spiritual prominence as the final resting place of Saint Cuthbert and Saint Bede the Venerable.
The shrine of Saint Cuthbert, situated behind the High Altar of Durham Cathedral, was the most important religious site in England until the martyrdom of St Thomas Becket at Canterbury inSaint Cuthbert became famous for two reasons.
Firstly, the healing powers he had displayed in life continued after his death, with many stories of those visiting the saints shrine being cured of all manner of diseases.
This led to him being known as the worker of England 2. Part of the London Borough of Camden, it is known for its intellectual, liberal, artistic, musical and literary associations and for Hampstead Heath and it has some of the most expensive housing in the London area.
The village of Hampstead has more millionaires within its boundaries than any area of the United Kingdom. The name comes from the Anglo-Saxon words ham and stede, which means, and is a cognate of, the growth of Hampstead is generally traced back to the 17th century.
Trustees of the Well started advertising the medicinal qualities of the waters in Although Hampstead Wells was initially most successful and fashionable, its popularity declined in the s due to competition with other fashionable London spas, the spa was demolished inalthough a water fountain was left behind.
Much of this remains to this day. The large Victorian Hampstead Library and Town Hall was recently converted and extended as a creative industries centre, on 14 August Hampstead entered the UK Weather Records with the Highest min total rainfall at mm.This Pin was discovered by Carol Springer-Witfoth.
Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinterest. Published: Mon, 5 Dec In January , Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi returned to his homeland after two decades of residence abroad. These years had been spent for the most part in South Africa, where he went as a lawyer, and in time became a leader of the Indian community in that territory.
Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi >Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi () was an Indian revolutionary religious >leader who used his religious power for political and social reform.
Mohandas Gandhi is faced with many challenges in his life from standing up for what he believes in, even if it's against the government. He's well known for overcoming so many of these obstacles and generally never giving up.
Mahatma Gandhi, birth name being Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was born in Porbandar under British Indian rule. He is the son of Karamchand (father) and Putlibai (mother) Gandhi. Although he and his father were hindus, his pursuit of peace was influenced by his mother’s religion, Jainism.