For a number of years we came from way back in the pack and were closing the achievement gap. Not so in recent years. The country's gap with other nations is more alarming.
Link Comments Posted December 15, The City of Newton is defined by the Charles. It has the river on its borders in the south, west, and north, and it was on the river's banks that the city got its start -- not as one unified town, but at first as a string of villages that grew up along the watercourse that provided abundant power for mills and manufacturing effots.
Improved transportation -- first roads, then rail -- gave those factories better access to markets. It also tied together the villages of Newton and brought the 18 square miles of farms and woods bounded by the Charles into a closer relationship with the metropolis at its doorstep, Boston.
Through the nineteenth century, Newtonites enjoyed their life in the country as they turned farm lanes into residential streets and rode the trains and trolleys to work in town. And as the mill economy waned at the end of the s, the Charles took on a new role.
The trains and trolleys began to bring Bostonians out to the river in large numbers -- not to work, but to play.
They came with picnic baskets to wander the parks and preserves newly created by the Metropolitan Parks Commission. They marveled at the No worries bill condon essay at Norumbega Park.
They rented canoes, or kept their own, at the many boathouses on the river. On summer Saturdays and Sundays the Charles near Riverside could become a sort of bank-to-bank party room, crowded with canoes full of young people out for a good time on the river.
All this leisure time and recreational opportunity was a new thing, and the populace created a record of it in a new way. They bought and sent picture postcards -- millions of them. Postcards printed with colored views were an innovation of the s, a happy conjunction of the technologies of photography and printing with railroads, which had steadily lowered the cost of transporting freight -- including mail.
Penny postcards captured the public imagination as no other fad had before them. The popularity of postcards in the decades between the s and World War I is indicated by the numbers that still survive a century later.
If you want a newspaper or a phonograph cylinder from the era before the first World War you will have to look high and low, but any Boston-area flea market worthy of the name will offer a score of views of local weekend destinations postmarked anywhere from into the s -- the brightly lit dance halls of Revere Beach, the leafy promenades of Salem Willows, and of course the sun-splashed boathouses of the Charles River.
The picnickers and canoeists left Newton carrying huge quantities of postcards that pictured the Charles and its landmarks -- Upper Falls, Lower Falls, Echo Bridge, Hemlock Gorge, Riverside, Norumbega Park, the mills, the bridges, the dams, and the canoeists.
Millions went into the mail, and millions more went into albums that became family heirlooms. Some of these were eventually donated to the Newton History Museum at the Jackson Homestead, and that's where the collection of postcards you see on this site began.
The postcard craze wasn't confined to the Charles, by any means. All the important landmarks in Newton and many puzzlingly unimportant ones appear in the postcard documentation of Newton's life. But no subject appeared on nearly as many postcards as the Charles. The hard-working river The Charles today is slow and civilized, tamed by dams that have turned it into a series of elongated, picturesque lakes that make the river a marvelous resource for recreation and natural beauty.
The original purpose of those dams was almost the opposite. They made the Charles a very hard-working river. Water power made Newton Upper Falls a manufacturing center as early as the late s.
In the first dam was built to power a sawmill, and soon the banks of the Charles in the area of Newton Upper Falls were spotted with mills that used water power to saw lumber, grind flour, and to "full" woolen cloth -- to pound the fabric with fuller's earth -- and more.
By the Industrial Revolution was in full swing. Simon Elliot owned four mills in the growing village devoted to grinding tobacco into snuff, under the supervision of a master snuff maker recruited from Germany. After the Newton Iron Works used water power to manufacture thousands of tons of nails and other hardware each year.
By the s Otis Pettee's Elliot Mills, where looms were installed in a single room, were producing 60, yards of cotton calico cloth a week. Later, in the s, the Upper Falls mill complex was sold and converted to a silk factory, and the new owner operated it into the s.A Straight Line to My Heart by Bill Condon ISBN Recommended for ages yrs No Worries, Dogs and Give me Truth.
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— A new NASA study revealed that the oldest and thickest Arctic sea ice is disappearing at a faster rate than the younger and thinner ice at the edges of the Arctic Ocean’s floating ice cap. A state bill pre-empting local ordinances died in May, but leaf blowers are a kind of legislative Dracula -- like a movie monster that refuses to die.
State Sen. Richard Polanco, the point man for the leaf-blower lobby, found a totally unrelated bill that was going nowhere and gave it the Dr. Frankenstein cure. events [email protected] Editorial letters email [email protected] or write: Letter to the Editor, c/o Charlotte Sun, Harborview Road, Charlotte Harbor, FL Puzzles