Table of Contents Hermann Goering Hans Frank The prosecution concedes, at the outset, that although Schacht believed that the Jews of Germany should be stripped of their rights as citizens, he was not in complete sympathy with that aspect of the Nazi Party's program which involved the wholesale extermination of the Jews, and that he was, for that reason, attacked from time to time by the more extreme elements of the Nazi Party. It further concedes that Schacht, on occasion, gave aid and comfort to individual Jews who sought to escape the indignities generally inflicted upon Jews in Nazi Germany Schacht's attitude towards the Jews is exemplified by his speech at the German Eastern Fair, Koenigsberg, on 18 Augustwherein he said: We desire to keep our people and our culture pure and distinctive, just as the Jews have always demanded this of themselves since the time of the prophet Ezra.
Origin[ edit ] There were, I suppose, three possible courses: Which was it to be?
Was it possible to let such atrocities go unpunished? It will be remembered that after the First World War alleged criminals were handed over to be tried by Germanyand what a farce that was!
The majority got off and such sentences as were inflicted were derisory and were soon remitted. At the beginning ofthe Polish government-in-exile asked the British and French governments to condemn the German invasion of their country.
The British initially declined to do so; however, in Aprila joint declaration was issued by the British, French and Polish.
On 1 Novemberthe Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States published their "Declaration on German Atrocities in Occupied Europe"which gave a "full warning" that, when the Nazis were defeated, the Allies would "pursue them to the uttermost ends of the The impact of the nuremberg trials The above declaration is without prejudice to the case of the major war criminals whose offences have no particular geographical location and who will be punished by a joint decision of the Government of the Allies.
The British Prime MinisterWinston Churchillhad then advocated a policy of summary execution in some circumstances, with the use of an Act of Attainder to circumvent legal obstacles, being dissuaded from this only by talks with US and Soviet leaders later in the war.
In lateduring the Tripartite Dinner Meeting at the Tehran Conferencethe Soviet leader, Joseph Stalinproposed executing 50,—, German staff officers. US President Franklin D. Roosevelt joked that perhaps 49, would do. Churchill, believing them to be serious, denounced the idea of "the cold blooded execution of soldiers who fought for their country" and that he would rather be "taken out in the courtyard and shot" himself than partake in any such action.
Churchill was vigorously opposed to executions "for political purposes. The plan advocated the forced de-industrialisation of Germany and the summary execution of so-called "arch-criminals", i.
Roosevelt, aware of strong public disapproval, abandoned the plan, but did not adopt an alternative position on the matter. The demise of the Morgenthau Plan created the need for an alternative method of dealing with the Nazi leadership. Stimson and the War Department. Trumangave strong approval for a judicial process.
After a series of negotiations between Britain, the US, Soviet Union and France, details of the trial were worked out.
The trials were to commence on 20 Novemberin the Bavarian city of Nuremberg. At the meetings in TehranYalta and Potsdamthe three major wartime powers, the United Kingdom, United States, and the Soviet Union, agreed on the format of punishment for those responsible for war crimes during World War II.
France was also awarded a place on the tribunal.
The legal basis for the trial was established by the London Charterwhich was agreed upon by the four so-called Great Powers on 8 August and which restricted the trial to "punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis countries" Some German war crimes defendants were tried at Nuremberg, and 1, others were tried under the traditional channels of military justice.
The legal basis for the jurisdiction of the court was that defined by the Instrument of Surrender of Germany. Political authority for Germany had been transferred to the Allied Control Council which, having sovereign power over Germany, could choose to punish violations of international law and the laws of war.
Because the court was limited to violations of the laws of war, it did not have jurisdiction over crimes that took place before the outbreak of war on 1 September Location[ edit ] The courthouse in Nuremberg, where the trials took place Leipzig and Luxembourg were briefly considered as the location for the trial.
Nuremberg was considered the ceremonial birthplace of the Nazi Party. As a compromise with the Soviets, it was agreed that while the location of the trial would be Nuremberg, Berlin would be the official home of the Tribunal authorities.
Participants[ edit ] Each of the four countries provided one judge and an alternative, as well as a prosecutor.Ben Ferencz (last living prosecutor from Nuremberg): "NUREMBERG TRIALS: Its Impact on International Jurisprudence And Contemporary Human Atrocities." Ferencz comes to Duke for a dialogue with his son, renowned international lawyer, Don Ferencz, and Dean of Case Western School of Law, Michael Scharf.
The Nuremberg Trials. New Perspectives on the Professions by Mouralis, Guillaume / Vincent, Marie-Bénédicte and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at . In order to appraise Nuremberg's year-long impact on Germany, a distinction should and will be made between the history and legacy of Nuremberg.
The historic Nuremberg, that is the International Military Tribunal's (IMT) trial of the major war criminals, is the crucible in which legality was combined with morality and high politics.
Nuremberg () held by Allies after World War II; prosecution of prominent members of Nazi Germany; trials were held in the city of Nuremberg, Germany; first and best known of these trials was the Trial of the Major War Criminals which tried 22 of the most important captured leaders of .
American Involvement in the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial Process By Joseph Brunner The total destruction of Germany at the end of World War II was an event unique in.
In November , the Nuremberg trials began in Germany for major Nazi figures. This is the official documentary report of Nazi war crimes that was used as trial evidence.